Listening #102

"Push it gently in the foam to correct." It sounds like a line from The Dairyman's Guide to BDSM, but it's actually a quote from the installation manual for Linn's latest upgrade for the Sondek LP12 turntable. The kit in question—a DC motor, plus an outboard power supply/control unit—is probably the most extreme to arrive from the Scottish firm, thus earning one of the company's least abstract name in ages: It is, indeed, the Linn Radikal. And along with a newly designed onboard phono stage called the Urika, the Radikal is the latest of what Linn calls their SE-series upgrades (footnote 1).

The idea for a DC-powered LP12 is nothing new, having been realized in commercial LP12 upgrade kits by such outside firms as Pink Triangle (1986) and Origin Live (1995); indeed, the founder of Linn, Ivor Tiefenbrun, is said to have expressed interest in the concept some years ago. But according to Linn, it wasn't until fairly recently, while developing an anti-jitter clock for their Klimax DS digital player, that the company discovered a DC speed-control technology that met their requirements.

The resulting upgrade kit is built around a very serious-looking motor housed in a custom-machined shell of acetal (polyoxymethylene) and aluminum, this housing itself damped with an inner layer of polyurethane sealant. From the outside, the new motor looks nothing like its predecessor—the latter being an off-the-shelf Dutch motor, at times modified by Linn with an external thrust bearing—while on the inside it boasts neodymium magnets, precious-metal brushes, and a rotor design that's said to virtually eliminate electromagnetic interference (bad) and magnetic cogging (very bad).

The top surface of the new motor housing has a pair of threaded mounting holes that line up perfectly with those for the original mounting screws—blessedly, the setup technician no longer has to contend with separate mounting nuts. A foam ring on the housing's top surface, just under the drive pulley, serves as an equally blessed substitute for the hated metal domes that had been used to isolate LP12 motors ever since the Linn Nirvana upgrade kit of the 1970s.

In addition to ditching the domes, the Radikal also dispenses with the two adjustment screws that were used to tilt the motor one way or the other (by flexing its thin-metal mounting flanges—a kludge whose sell-by date was overlong in coming) for mechanical rather than electrical fine-tuning of the platter's running speed. The threaded holes vacated by those sacked screws are now put to a loftier use: bolting in place the Radikal's optical tachometer, a claw-shaped thing that appears well engineered in its own right. The LP12's plastic belt guide also gets the heave-ho, partly because it isn't needed, and partly so that one of its screw holes can act as a wiring conduit between motor and tach.

The humblest and the most exotic parts of the Radikal kit work tightly together: A small strip of black felt, which the installer adheres to the inside of the platter rim, reports the speed to the outboard control unit, which in turn regulates the voltage to maintain consistently steady and accurate speed. (According to Linn, the Radikal system recalibrates itself every time the motor is switched on.) Linn says that the Radikal speed-control system will even compensate, over time, for the natural wearing-in of the motor's brushes. And in a manner not unlike that of its predecessor, the Lingo power supply, the Radikal allows the user to change the LP12's speed from 33.3 to 45rpm, and back again, without needing to stop the deck. For that matter, Linn says that the Radikalized LP12 can be switched off to change LP sides—or for any other reason—with no sonic penalty. (Most Linn enthusiasts agree that an AC-powered LP12 sounds its best after it's been running for a while.)

In addition to the Radikal's speed-control circuitry—which takes up surprisingly little room—the outboard box also contains the latest generation of Linn's switch-mode power supply, the basic components of which are kept to one side in a shielded subenclosure of their own. The supply also powers the above-mentioned Urika phono stage, in case you want one of those, too; Linn says that the regulation and filtering circuitry for the Radikal and Urika are isolated from one another in more ways than one, to prevent sound degradation.

Countries with a poor earth
At the end of 2010, Linn's North American distributor loaned me a Radikal kit to install in my own LP12. The neatly packed carton contained the Radikal power supply—a nice-looking if unremarkable gray box, identical in size and shape to many of Linn's other current products—plus the DC motor, the onboard tachometer, a new on/off switch, a new drive belt, and the self-adhesive black felt strip for the inside of the platter. The installer must supply his or her own Linn setup jig; a No.10 Torx screwdriver; a No.2 PoziDriv screwdriver (a small, very good-quality Phillips screwdriver will suffice); a very small flat-blade screwdriver; and a small adjustable wrench.

Perhaps needless to say, the installer will very likely not be you: Now as always, Linn products are sold only by trained dealers whose job it is to supply more than just a sealed carton and an encouraging pat on the back. But Linn's distributor agreed to let me install the loaner myself, so that I might give you an idea of what's involved. To that end, they also supplied me with the .pdf file of the Radikal's exceedingly clear installation manual.

Tools at the ready, and having dispensed with the obvious first steps—removing the outer platter, securing the tonearm and cartridge, and locking the LP12 chassis into my well-worn setup jig—I began by removing my Linn's fiberboard bottom cover, after which I unscrewed and removed the plastic clamps that hold the AC cable in place. After disconnecting the electrical leads from the motor and the on/off switch, I used a pair of needle-nose pliers to compress the nylon pegs holding the onboard PCB—in my case a Basik board, although the procedure would be the same for a Valhalla board—to the LP12's metal crossmember. Then I removed the motor, the belt guide, and the old on/off switch. Given that the latter is something I do no more than once every five years, it took a bit of fiddling before I remembered to locate and then compress, with a flat screwdriver blade, the plastic tangs on the side of the switch housing: Out it popped, like a bad tooth.

Installing the new motor was a breeze—the experienced Linn mechanic will be grateful for not having to hang two metal domes, a motor flange, and a tiny nut all on one inverted screw—and I had no trouble routing and clamping in place its gray umbilical cord. A smaller and much shorter cable from the motor, terminated with a 3.5mm plug, was plugged into the new on/off switch—itself easy to snap in place—and a remaining pair of thin electrical leads was coaxed above the board through one of the belt-guide holes.

The tachometer board fit neatly and easily in place, after which I fastened to its miniature screw terminals the twin leads from the DC motor. (The Radikal kit does not require soldering: a boon to those of us for whom the appeal of inhaling carcinogens has begun to pale.) Then I applied the black felt strip to the inner edge of the outer platter, eased the platter into place, and connected the umbilical cord to the Radikal's outboard power supply. Slightly less than an hour after it began, my task was done.

Footnote 1: Linn Products Limited, Glasgow Road, Waterfoot, Eaglesham, Glasgow G76 0EQ, Scotland, UK. Tel: (44) 141-307-7777. Web: US distributor: TC Group Americas, 203 Eggert Road, Buffalo, NY 14215. Tel: (519) 745-1158. Web:

volvic's picture

This is why I gave up on all my Linn gear; expensive upgrades that seem to go up in price every year.  Rolexes go up every year as well yet you can substitute for something better (better movement) for a lot less.  Same thing here, best move I ever made was to replace mine for a VPI, cheaper, sounds better and no springs going out of adjustment.  Don't get me wrong it was and is a fabulous deck (the LP12) but a fully decked out Linn can be bested by something cheaper.  Too bad, and I suspect the price increases from Linn over the years might reflect a shrinking market share.  I hope I am wrong. 

starvinmarvin's picture

Why would you give up on a splendid sounding turntable? If the music reproduction is pleasing, just play the darn thing for the next 20 years, no problem! The fact that an update or upgrade is available doesn't mean you must have it.

volvic's picture

Gave up and came back. Own an LP12 with an Ittok LVIII MK 2 and Lingo 1. Think they are perfectly adequate for my needs, also own an SME 10 which for the price offers tremendous value and for far less than a tricked out LP12. The Linn is a great package, but some upgrades including the DC PS and especially the Keel are way over priced and change the sound of the table and not for the better in my opinion. Comments below by Louis P are spot on.

Louis-P's picture

By the time I get my circa 1996 Linn up to date, I might as well get a brand new turntable. I already spend $2000 (including labor) on the Lingo. That goes down the drain if I spend double that for the Radikal. And I would still need $3500 + labor for the Keel, and another small fortune for the latest Ekos. When Eugene from Innovative Audio ever retires, there won't even be anyone in the NYC area who can support a Linn. I'd rather spend that kind on money on the best Avid and SME arm I can afford at purchase time, when I get around to upgrading.

volvic's picture

Agree with you Louis-P wholeheartedly, this is why I dumped my Linn, it was not an easy decision but when the 3500.00 for the Keel came out I said enough is enough.  I did not mention tonearms but you did, the latest Ekos tonearm can't hold a candle to the Grahams and SME's of this world.  Having said that if you are happy with it get a better cartridge and live with the Lingo and steel subchassis, however a fully decked out AVID is really nice table. 

jones.millard's picture

Hello Art,


I have always enjoyed your column and when I found you enjoyed Bluegrass I was very pleased, in particular when you said you enjoyed Del McCoury.


I would like to mention a "Newgrass" band that I feel is terrific.  They are "The Greencards" and their last 2 albums just blow me away.  The latest is titled "The Brick" and the previous one is "Fascination".  Their first 3 are also very good, but I feel that they hit their stride with the 2 latest.


I hope you give them a listen.




Millard Jones

Plush's picture

I bought my Linn LP-12 new in 1975. I have not done any of the upgrades from Linn.

Recently I installed a new Dynavector cartridge and the turntable sounds fantastic.

Linn are pirates and do not deserve to be paid over and over. 

My turntable was good then and it's still good now.


with thanks,


JohnnyR's picture

Why do people get sucked into buying stuff like this and the "upgrades"? I suppose having glowing reviews of said merchandise doesn't help?  I think reviewers should be better at what they do and do more testing than talking.

DetroitVinylRob's picture

Art, great coverage as always!

I have had my original Lp12 Sondek since about 1982 and during that time have made many upgrades and enjoyed the benefits of them all. Upgrades were reasonable and always made a sound improvement, the dealer was helpful, and I was a happy Linn kamper.

My how times have changed.

Here's what gets a little under my skin, the Radikal, Ekos SE, Urika, Uphorik, Keel, seemingly well engineered produkts and all ridikulously priced (in my opinion), with no trade in to acknowledge any sort of loyalty to the brand.

And the rhetorik, DC motors and alternative subchassic are garbage, until... they come from Skotland for the price of a compakt kar?!

To top it off my dealer will never do a set-up in front of me, there is always some excuse for the need to leave it, and the last time I did I wound up at home with somebody else's outer platter, not mine, and it was also damaged with a big gash on the polished rim. At least in scotland a quagmire yields fine water to distill a fresh spirit. My spirit is left a bit dank.

Time to get a set-up jig and one of those set-up manuals online that for years were said not to exist or...

I too have seen the wisdom to an Avid Acutus with SME V arm, because it is an very exceptional TT as well AND because the Linn rat race has left me a bit feed up.

I have more than once said over the years that equipment comes and goes but my Linn Sondek Lp12 will leave my kit only when pried from my cold dead hands...

My how times have changed...

Happy Listening!