GoldenEar Technology Aon 2 loudspeaker Measurements

Sidebar 3: Measurements

I used DRA Labs' MLSSA system (www.mlssa.com) and a calibrated DPA 4006 microphone to measure the GoldenEar Aon 2's frequency response in the farfield, and an Earthworks QTC-40 for the nearfield responses. The Aon 2's voltage sensitivity is specified as an above-average 89dB; my estimate was significantly lower, at 86.2dB(B)/2.83V. The speaker's impedance dips below 6 ohms in the mid-treble and midrange, reaching a minimum value of 3.5 ohms at 190Hz (fig.1). There are also combinations of a lowish magnitude and highish electrical phase angle in two regions: 100–150Hz and 3–4kHz. However, a receiver or amplifier specified for 4 ohms will have no difficulty driving the Aon 2.

1013Aon2fig1.jpg

Fig.1 GoldenEar Aon 2, electrical impedance (solid) and phase (dashed) (2 ohms/vertical div.).

The traces in fig.1 are free from the small discontinuities that would hint at the presence of cabinet resonances of some kind. In fact, the only significant resonant mode I found was on the plastic trim panel on the enclosure's top (fig.2). This behavior is undoubtedly benign.

1013Aon2fig2.jpg

Fig.2 GoldenEar Aon 2, cumulative spectral-decay plot calculated from output of accelerometer fastened to center of plastic trim panel (MLS driving voltage to speaker, 7.55V; measurement bandwidth, 2kHz).

The saddle centered on 50Hz in the impedance-magnitude trace suggests that this is the tuning frequency of the twin side-mounted passive radiators. However, the woofer's nearfield response (fig.3, blue trace) shows that driver's minimum-motion notch—ie, where the cone is held still by the back pressure of the passive-radiator resonance—to be slightly lower in frequency, at 48Hz. The passive radiators, which behave like a conventional reflex port, have a wider passband than usual (fig.3, red), with a lower-than-usual low-pass rollout slope. The complex sum of the nearfield outputs (fig.3, black trace) peaks by almost 10dB in the upper bass. This will be due in part to the nearfield measurement technique, which acts as if the drive-units were mounted in a baffle extending to infinity in all directions. However, the Aon 2's low-frequency alignment is underdamped, presumably to give the impression that it is producing more bass than would or should be expected from so small a speaker—which is what BJR found: "the Aon 2's lower midrange had a warm richness that made it sound like a much larger speaker," and its "low-end extension and naturalness through the midbass also suggested a larger, more expensive speaker."

1013Aon2fig3.jpg

Fig.3 GoldenEar Aon 2, anechoic response on tweeter axis at 50", averaged across 30° horizontal window and corrected for microphone response, with nearfield responses of woofer (blue) and passive radiators (red) and their complex sum, respectively plotted below 310Hz, 1kHz, 310Hz.

Higher in frequency in fig.3, the Aon 2's response had a peak in the upper midrange, followed by a dip. This kind of response is often associated with a nasal coloration, though BJR didn't note any such character. However, he did comment that the Aon 2's high frequencies were more extended than those of the three speakers with which he compared it. The Aon 2's farfield response (fig.3, black trace above 1kHz) does indeed show a slight rising trend all the way to 20kHz. This will not be ameliorated by the usual drop-off in top-octave response to the speaker's sides, as the Aon 2's plot of lateral dispersion (fig.4) indicates a wide radiation pattern to above 3kHz. Other than a slight flare in the mid-treble, the contour lines in this graph are smooth and even, something that generally correlates with precise stereo imaging. Vertically (fig.5), a suckout develops at the crossover frequency of 3.5kHz 10° above or below the tweeter axis, though it is more severe below the tweeter. The Aon 2s should be set on stands that place their tweeters level with the listener's ears.

1013Aon2fig4.jpg

Fig.4 GoldenEar Aon 2, lateral response family at 50", normalized to response on tweeter axis, from back to front: differences in response 90–5° off axis, reference response, differences in response 5–90° off axis.

1013Aon2fig5.jpg

Fig.5 GoldenEar Aon 2, vertical response family at 50", normalized to response on tweeter axis, from back to front: differences in response 15–5° above axis, reference response, differences in response 5–10° below axis.

In the time domain, the GoldenEar's step response on the tweeter axis (fig.6) indicates that the tweeter is connected in inverted acoustic polarity, the woofer in positive polarity. However, the decay of the former's step blends smoothly with the start of the latter's, implying similarly good integration of their outputs in the frequency domain. The slight undulations visible in the decay of the woofer's step give rise to some delayed energy at the frequency of the midrange peak on the on-axis response (fig.7). Other than that, the Aon 2's cumulative spectral-decay plot is clean.

1013Aon2fig6.jpg

Fig.6 GoldenEar Aon 2, step response on tweeter axis at 50" (5ms time window, 30kHz bandwidth).

1013Aon2fig7.jpg

Fig.7 GoldenEar Aon 2, cumulative spectral-decay plot on tweeter axis at 50" (0.15ms risetime).

I was a little concerned by the presence of that upper-midrange peak, but the Aon 2 otherwise measures well for its price, as I have come to expect from GoldenEar's Sandy Gross.—John Atkinson

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GoldenEar Technology
PO Box 141
Stevenson, MD 21153
(410) 998-9134
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